KNIT THE POCKY R8x32 2C (4C set) RSCDS Bk 11
1- 8 1L+2M Advance+Retire, turn 2H (Skip Change of step)
9-16 1M+2L Advance+Retire, turn 2H
17-24 1s followed by 2s (who first dance up) lead down middle
& 2s lead back to 1st place followed by 1s who end in 2nd place
25-32 2s+1s dance R&L
"Knit the Pocky" on YouTube (with a German accent! Hessisches Volkstanzturnier 2008)
THE MACHINE WITHOUT HORSES J8x32 3C (4C set)
Rutherford RSCDS Bk 12
1- 8 1s set, cast & dance RH across with 3s
9-16 1s set, cast up & dance LH across with 2s
17-24 1s followed by 2s lead down, cast up behind 3s,
in & lead up to top & 1s cast back to 2nd place
25-32 2s+1s dance R&L
The title of this dance 'The Machine Without Horses' probably refers to either the sedan chair or the chain plough.
The Sedan Chair
The dance and tune first appeared in a publication in 1772, long before the steam carriage or steam locomotive had been invented, and the word 'machine' at that time was often used for a horse drawn carriage in Scotland. Logically a machine without horses would be the carriage itself, without the horses -- the sedan chair.
A Machine Without Horses
Sedan Chair Designed by Robert Adam for Queen Charlotte, 1775
By the mid-17th century, sedans for hire were a common mode of transportation. In London, 'chairs' were available for hire in 1634, each assigned a number and the chairmen licensed because the operation was a monopoly of a courtier of Charles I. Sedan chairs could pass in streets too narrow for a carriage and were meant to alleviate the crush of coaches in London streets, an early instance of traffic congestion.
A similar system was later used in Scotland. In 1738, a fare system was established for Scottish sedans, and the regulations covering chairmen in Bath are reminiscent of the modern Taxi Commission's rules. A trip within a city cost six pence and a day's rental was four shillings. A sedan was even used as an ambulance in Scotland's Royal Infirmary.
The Chain Plough
The enclosed chair has been in use since at least the days of the Roman Empire and would hardly merit special attention. It doesn't replace the horse for transport.
The chain plough was pulled along the length of the field by a stationary steam engine and chain drums. These were moved along the ends of the field as ploughing progressed. However the earliest mention found of this device (which arguably is reflected in the crossing and hands across movements, if these are original) slightly post-dates Rutherford's 1772 publication. At least it would mark the potential ability to displace the horse in one of its traditional roles. Certainly the title is too early to refer to machine-powered transport.
"Machine Without Horses" on YouTube (Russian?)
LORD EGLINTON'S REEL R8x32 3C (4C set) MMM 2
1- 8 1s set & cast to 3rd place, 1s set & cast back to top
9-16 1s lead down the middle, back to top & cast to 2nd place
17-24 2s+1s+3s circle 6H round & back
25-32 2s+1s+3s Advance+Retire & turn partners 2H (4 PdB)
SEANN TRUIBHAS WILLICHAN S8x32 2C (4C set) T Wilson RSCDS Bk 27
1- 8 1s cast & dance down behind own lines,
turn outwards & dance back to top
9-16 1L+2M set & change places RH
while 1M+2L change places & set & repeat
17-24 1s lead down for 2 steps, turn RH, lead up to top & cast to 2nd place
25-32 2s+1s set & turn partner 2H opening out to circle 4H round to left
"Seann Truibhas Willichan" on YouTube (2.45-3.45)
Pronounced 'Shan trews Willichan' meaning 'Willie's old trousers'.
BEGINNER’S LUCK J4x40 4C Set J Ackerley 8 Anniversary Dances
1- 8 1s dance fig of 8 round 2s
9-16 1M+2L set & change places RH, 1L+2M set & change places RH
17-24 1s+3s dance RH across & LH back
25-32 1M+3M set & change places RH, 1L+3L set & change places RH
33-40 1s+4s dance 1/2 R&L, all set & cross over. 2 3 4 1
THE DE'IL AMANG THE TAILORS R8x32 3C (4C set) RSCDS Bk 14
1- 8 1s+2s set & dance RH across ½ way,
set & dance LH across ½ way back to place
9-16 1s lead down the middle & back to top
17-24 1s+2s dance Allemande
25-32 2s+1s+3s circle 6H round & back
"The De'il Amang the Tailors" on YouTube (in Tenerife!)